The today’s world, as Rwanda, is facing a challenge of how to meet the growing demand for agricultural products while at the same time conserve biodiversity and prevent a global climate crisis. Scientific findings illustrate that certain agricultural practices make significant contributions to climate change and the global biodiversity crisis and often are at the root of other major environmental problems, it is also true that there are alternative forms and techniques of agriculture—sustainable agriculture— that may help to resolve these problems (Calle, A. et al. 2014). ARCOS is dedicated to contributing to the goal of enhancing sustainable agriculture in its focal landscapes.
Agriculture is a key sector in Rwanda’s economy, reported at the second position with 30% contribution to the Gross Domestic Product in 2020 (NISR, 2021). However, there are currently many barriers to sustainable agriculture in Rwanda. These include soil erosion, poor productions, ineffective farming practices as well as vulnerability to climate chocks.
In face of this situation, ARCOS has initiated an intervention, training farmers on Sustainable Agriculture Land Management (SALM) Practices, to tackle the mentioned above issues.
Marie Marie Rose Uwitonze, a farmer based in Musenyi cell, Bugesera district is among smallholder farmers being trained on SALM practices. She expressed her happiness over the received training. According to her these training will help her to copy with climate change which has been adversely affecting her region.
“This was a good occasion to learn how we can keep conserving the environment without harming my farm productivity.” Said Anastase Ndagijimana, a farmer living in Rulindo district. Anastase added that he has reached a level to practice sustainable agriculture land management techniques from conventional agriculture, hence he will get more produce, earning more revenue from farming as well as preserve his land.
“Land use is a huge driver of climate change. After these trainings, we believe that our frontline partners —farmers— will adopts certain climate-smart farming techniques, such as sustainable agriculture land management which could help alleviate poverty and mitigate climate change at the same time.” Said Methode Dukore, an Extension Officer operating in Bugesera district.